How to Build CHD@ZJU

CHD related Articles were retrieved from Pubmed, by entering keywords "coronary heart disease" and constrict the publish date from 2000/1/1 to now (2013/1/23). As a result, totally 115898 articles were found and their abstracts were downloaded for text mining. Since some articles didn't contain abstracts, only 88396 abstracts remained.

The text-mining process to get CHD related genes could be divided in to 5 following steps:

  • 1) Extracting all keywords from abstracts and ignoring those keywords start with numbers. 101402 keywords were extracted.

  • 2) Input these keywords into Gene library in ArrayTrack and find possible related genes. 4674 genes were then found.

  • 3) Put these 4674 genes again into pubmed abstracts to find related aticles. Only genes which offical name or there keyword description (such as prolactin for gene PRL) could be found in the abstract would be remained. As a result, 1247 genes were remained.

  • 4) Manually examined on the 1247 genes to validate it was acutally related to CHD. Some genes would be filtered if it represents other meanings (such as gene CAD, Entrez ID:790, carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, is mostly meant coronary arterial disease in articles). 681 genes were then validated with at least one reference.

  • 5) All genes was compared with 1078 CHD genes in RGD database, and 370 genes were overlapped. These 370 genes were labels as "RGD_Supported" and the other 293 genes were labels as "REFERED". All 663 genes had supported references in CHD@ZJU which were examined by step 4.
  • How To contact Us

    Collaboration Information: Prof. Xiaohui Fan (

    Website using assistance : Leihong Wu (

    Basic Information

    Gene Name: CXCL11

    Description: chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 11

    Entrez Gene ID: 6373

    SwissProt Acc Number: O14625

    RefSeq: NM_005409

    It was supported literatures to be a novel CHD related gene:

    ..Elevated peripheral blood levels of the CXCR3 chemokine ITAC/CXCL11 are associated with severe TCAD and may serve as a marker for patients at increased risk for the development of this disease...

    From PMID: 12695288, in Journal Circulation. , 2003


    There were 2 potential papers with CXCL11 and CHD.

    21731663 Plasma chemokine levels are associated with the presence and extent of angiographic coronary collaterals in chronic ischemic heart disease.PloS oneMore Details
    16456091 Molecular signatures determining coronary artery and saphenous vein smooth muscle cell phenotypes: distinct responses to stimuli."Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology"More Details

    NOTEs: These result is mostly from TEXT-MINING and there might have mismatches.

    PPI interactions

    There were totally 3 unique genes interacted with CXCL11. Show PPI network

    Gene nameInteraction typereference PMIDCHD relation
    CCR3 in vitro11110785 CHD related
    CXCR3 Reconstituted Complex12782716 CHD related
    DPP4 in vitro11390394 CHD related

    Involved FDA drugs

    There was no drug associated with CXCL11